Title: The Challenge to pursue sustainable tourism in the COVID-19 Era
Before COVID 19 lockdowns began in March of 2020 (GOOD), global tourism had been increasingly accessible. In fact, over-tourism was surely becoming a growing concern for many nations around the Globe. For instance, the medieval walled city of Dubrovnik, Croatia with a population of 1 million, is well known as a UNESCO Heritage site that was suffering from extreme over-crowding of tourists before the COVID 19 outbreak.
It is well known that Widespread Tourism has caused severe, irreparable damage to Historic sites strained infrastructure and disgruntled the locals. These historic sites are not alone in feeling the negative impact that tourism can bring to historic sites and the natural world. Another example is in Canada, Banff National Park which also experienced a 28% increase in visitors from 2013-2018. As a result at Banff, there was serious traffic congestion, crammed hiking trails and major disruption to delicate ecosystems that supported a diversity of life.
Although unintended, COVID-19 played an important role to shut down the global tourism industry and perhaps ironically, gave wildlife, the local environment and local people a much needed break from the crush of tourist visiting the area.
The concept of sustainable tourism has always been a viable and attractive option. More than 70 per cent of Canadians are in favor of prioritizing things such as nature conservation when talking about economic revitalization. Therefore, sustainable tourism must prioritize sustainability, environmental regeneration, social mobility, employment equality over revenue and numbers-driven metrics. If Tourist and Tourism want to invest for the future, then good management of historic and environmental sites is essential. The community should focus on how to flourish for THE long term instead of relying on more short term touristism and tourist to visit.
Internationally, there are new movements in the Tourist industry. For example, The Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC) has established a baseline standard respecting wildlife, leaving natural sites, intact and disposing of waste safely. Empowered communities and bold business could lead to the post-pandemic climate-friendly solution travel needs. The pioneers in the industry are traditionally entrepreneurs and small players. Hopefully, larger players are incorporate those practices to push the industry forward.
COVID-19 has rapidly spread due to the global tourism which has changed the world dramatically. Unexpectedly some environmental improvements, such as less air pollution are noticeable around the world as a result of less human activities and fewer people travelling globally. Due to covid 19, Consumers now have an opportunity to change their way of life from mass producing and valuing quantity to appreciating less and the quality. Consumers need to be wise to choose the eco-friendly travelling option in order to help promote sustainable tourism in the future.