Identifying and comparing data on a chart
Some texts include statistics and data in graphical form. To understand this information, first identify:
- the title of the chart
- the title of each axis (horizontal and vertical)
- the label of each category, represented by a column, row or line in the chart
- the units of measurement for each axis (e.g. time, numbers, percentages, distances)
- the values for each category
- the legend (the colour or pattern assigned to each category in the chart)
The bar chart below gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban areas in different parts of the world. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.
Source: United Nation
The graph compares the growth in the percentage of the population living in urban areas in six different regions of the world.
According to the chart, between 1950 and 2007 the percentage of the population living in cities in Latin America and the Caribbean almost doubled, from 42% to 76%, whereas in Europe it only increased by 21%. However, in Europe over half the people already lived in cities in 1950.
When we compare the projected increases in Asia and Europe by 2050 we see that in Asia the percentage will continue to grow at the same speed, with a further increase of 25%, whereas in Europe the change will be slower than before, increasing by only 12%. By 2050, the vast majority (around 90%) of people in Latin America, the Caribbean and North America will live in cities. Even in Africa, more than half the population (62%) will live in urban areas by then.
EXAMPLE B: TASK 1
The diagrams below show the main reasons workers chose to work from home and the hours males and females worked at home for the year 2019.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The bar chart illustrates the reasons men and women chose to work from home in 2019. Overall, saving money was the main reason for both males and females (45% and 42% respectively). In contrast, approximately a quarter of males put productivity as a reason, which was twice as high as the female response (24% and 11% respectively). For childcare, the pattern was different again with almost a quarter of females giving this reason compared to very few males (4%).
The table shows the hours men and women worked from home in 2019. The vast majority of males worked over 30 hours per week (81%) contrasting with a minority of females (6%) doing similar hours. This pattern is reversed when examining the under ten hours category with almost three quarters of females working this amount compared to only 3% of males. The 10 to 30 hours per week category shows fewer marked differences.
To sum up, it can be seen that men and women do not always give the same reasons for home working and, in general, men work longer hours from home.